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Introduction to the Forum of Augustus

Reconstruction of the attic from one of the porticoes in the Forum of Augustus

Section on the Forum of Augustus

Inaugurated in the 2 BC, the Forum of Augustus consists of a rectangular square paved with white marble slabs, dominated, at its lower end, by the temple dedicated to Mars Ultor, also built in white marble from the quarry in Luni today known as Carrara. The temple was built against a high wall built of blocks of tufa stone that separated the forum from the rowdy Subura neighborhood.
 The square was flanked on both sides by long deep porticoes in which the column shafts were made of ancient yellow marble. The attic above the columns is embellished with decorative Caryatids, whose elegant hairstyles support a headband carved from the same block, above which is a Doric capital with echinus, embellished with a typical Ionic kyma. The Caryatids appear to be holding up the coping with a baccellatura motif. In the recesses between the Caryatids, quadrangular panels feature round shields bearing an assortment of motifs set in convex frames whilst at the centre, there are heads of Jupiter each with different features.
 There are several rooms dedicated to the Forum of August inside the Museum of the Imperial Fora, each displaying various     reconstructions of the architectural elements from the Temple of Mars Ultor. These include the orders from both the porticoes and the exedra, and in fact one of the most significant of these is a partition from the attic above the Forum's porticoes which were located the most prestigious area in Trajan's Market: the Great Hall.

The reconstruction of the attic from one of the porticoes in the Forum of Augustus was achieved by piecing together several original pieces in Luna marble integrated with resin moulds and other pieces made of limestone.

Piece of the roof coping (the shaped upper end or sima, with rainwater spout shaped like a lion's head) FA 1118

Various sections of the roof coping:
 FA 909 FA 917 FA 918 FA 914

Head of Jupiter Hammon: FA 2513

Piece of the frame from a shield (clipeus): FA 1117

Section of frame surrounding a panel (comprising three pieces that fit together)
 FA 4385 4328 4302

Resin mould of a Caryatid taken from the original held in the National Archaeological Museum of Florence in the Villa Corsini (13711)

Forum of Augustus - Attic of the Porticoes

Forum of Augustus - Façade and Attic of the Porticoes

Forum of Augustus - Porticoes and Exedras

Forum of Augustus - Hall of the Colossus

Forum of Augustus - Temple of Mars Ultor

Introduction to the Forum of Augustus

Introduction to the Forum of Augustus

The reproduction of the façade of the Temple of Mars Ultor carved in the relief of Ara Pietatis Augustae (the altar of Augustan piety) shows the figures from the pediment and the victory acroterion, one of which, a magnificent right foot in gilded bronze, found right in front of the Temple during the excavations carried out in the 1930, might be a piece from a statue of a woman. 
It gives the impression that the woman was standing on tiptoe; only the toes are resting on the ground with her heel slightly raised, almost as if she were about to fly away. The robust, squared-off tenon (projection that fits into a hole –mortice- to form a joint), is in perfect condition. The piece is on display in the introductory room to the Forum of Augustus on the ground floor. 

From the Augustan Era: 2 BC
FA 1119

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