Mercati e Foro di Traiano

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Home > Route through the rooms > Section of Caesar's Forum > Pieces from the Age of Caesar
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Section of Caesar's Forum

Section of Caesar's Forum

Caesar's Forum was a rectangle paved in travertine slabs, flanked by porticoes with two naves. The western portico, overlooking the Capitol, was home to two long, narrow “tabernae” (shops) 
The magnificent Temple of Venus Genetrix was built in Corinthian style at the bottom end of the Forum, on top of a raised podium that unusually, was accessed by stairs built at the sides rather than to the front. 
Very little remains of the original forum complex built in Caesar's time, but a few pieces from the orders along the portico and the pilasters that screened a niche at the head of it, are displayed inside the museum. These pieces represent important and rare evidence of the moment in which the decorative tradition of the Ancient Romans was born, which coincided with the opening of the first Luni (now called Carrara) marble quarry and marble began to replace the old tradition of plastered tufa or travertine. As far as the Trajan period of Caesar's Forum is concerned, the Museum has a few pieces of the decorative elements used for the Temple of Venus Genetrix. The external walls of the cella were embellished with sculpted panels that portrayed cherub-like figures called “eroti” in scenes that were both decorative and symbolic. Five key images have been re-constructed from the many pieces found. These must have been created as variations of the scene, and in some cases, their size was slightly altered in order to better suit their location. Some of the slabs and some sections of the wall facings were engraved in such a way that they created a typical brickwork pattern.

Caesar's Forum - Reliefs with cupids

Pieces from the Age of Caesar

Sala con i frammenti architettonici di età cesariana

The first room in this section has a display of a few architectural pieces that date to the time this forum was first built and more specifically from the order of the portico and that of the pilasters that screened the apses at the top of the porticoes.
One exhibit worthy of particular mention is the piece of a capital with decorations on three sides. It is one of the oldest marble pieces of all, created right at the point when Roman decorative style was evolving into something new. The tendril that ends in a rosette is extremely characteristic.

Sculpture
From the Caesarian – Augustan Era: 46 BC – 27 BC
FC 166
Sculpture
From the Caesarian – Augustan Era: 46 BC – 27 BC
FC 185
Sculpture
From the Caesarian – Augustan Era: 46 BC – 27 BC
FC 170
Sculpture
From the Caesarian – Augustan Era: 46 BC – 27 BC
FC 5

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