Since 1985 over 40,000 fragments originating from the forum area have been catalogued and documented from deposits created after excavations carried out in the 20th century. A seemingly huge quantity of finds but in reality they represent a small percentage of what was the enormous quantity of marble facing and super-structure blocks which made up the Antiquarium Forense (Forum District).
Dedicated to the forums’ architectural decoration, the museum addresses their structural aspects to once again give us a ‘final’ view of the original buildings. To complete their reassembly the use of artificial elements made from plaster has been used. The use of such elements was agreed upon in the planning phase. Exhibits are completed with ‘colour’ which is not only applied on the plaster mouldings but also on modern marble surfaces through the use of dyes.
The five monumental complexes named the “Imperial Forums” were constructed in topographic continuity with the old Roman Forums of the imperial-republican era. The new structures substituted the religious, political and administrative functions of the former.
In chronological order of inauguration the forums built were: the Forum of Caesar (46 BC), the Forum of Augustus (2 BC), The Temple of
Inaugurated in the 2 BC, the Forum of Augustus consists of a rectangular square paved with white marble slabs, dominated, at its lower end, by the temple dedicated to Mars Ultor, also built in white marble from the quarry in Luni today known as Carrara. The temple was built against a high wall built of blocks of tufa stone that separated the forum from the rowdy Subura neighborhood.
The exhibition giorni d’oro + notti d’argento by Ugo Rondinone will open in Rome; it will be divided between two of the capital’s most important institutional spaces: the MACRO Testaccio, the finest example of industrial archaeology, and the Mercati di Traiano, a symbolic monument to imperial antiquity.